Cases of sexually transmitted infections STIs have increased dramatically across Canada over the past couple of decades.
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Rates of sexually transmitted infections are continuing to rise across Canada, say public health experts, who point to a number of possible reasons for the uptick in cases of gonorrhea, chlamydia and syphilis. The growth of dating apps is one suspected culprit, though no studies have been conducted to prove a link between online hookups and the spread of STIs, said Wong.
Wong also said more people appear to be having condomless sex, including those in the gay community, who once were at the vanguard of safe-sex campaigns in response to the HIV-AIDS epidemic.
Why STI rates are steadily going up in Canada. Last year, the province recorded 3, cases of gonorrhea, a dip from the roughly 3, a year earlier, but a major jump fromwhen only 1, cases were reported.
On the other side of the country, Nova Scotia has also noticed a steady rise in gonorrhea and chlamydia cases sinceprimarily in the Halifax area, said Dr.
Trevor Arnason, regional medical officer of health for the central zone, which includes the provincial capital. Canadian communities — and much of the world — are in the grips of a historic outbreak of sexually transmitted infections.
Global News asked an STI clinician and an epidemiologist for some tips, and the things they wish people knew. Canadian teens need to be more aware of STIs — and it starts with sex ed.
With young girls and many boys in Canada being vaccinated against human papillomavirus — a major cause of cervical cancer — and changes to guidelines advising that lower-risk women be tested less often for that malignancy than previously recommended, there is likely less screening for gonorrhea and chlamydia, Arnason said. Such STI testing was often performed at the same time as a Pap smear.
Nationally, statistics confirm bacterial STIs are on an upward trajectory in jurisdictions across the country. Alberta, for example, recorded 4, cases of gonorrhea inup from about 3, the previous year.
Inthe latest year for which national figures are available, there were almostcases of chlamydia, the most commonly reported STI in Canada, with females accounting for two-thirds of infections, says the Public Health Agency of Canada PHAC. Between andchlamydia rates increased by almost 17 per cent.
Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported STI in the country. About 19, cases were recorded ina jump of more than 65 per cent from Males had higher rates than females, with the highest number of cases among those aged 15 to 29, PHAC says. From tothe rate of infectious syphilis in Canada increased by almost 86 per cent.
Ina total of 3, cases were reported, with nearly 94 per cent occurring among males; those aged 20 to 39 had the highest rates and men who have sex with men were among those at most risk. Seniors have sex — and the STI rates to prove it. While the three STIs can be successfully cured with antibiotics, untreated chlamydia and gonorrhea can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease in females, affecting fertility.
Untreated, syphilis can cause damage to the brain, nerves, eyes, cardiovascular system, bones and joints. In extreme cases, it can be fatal. About a half-dozen cases have been reported worldwide, notably in Japan and elsewhere in Asia.
The Quebec woman had not travelled to Asia, but her boyfriend had been in Thailand and China and had unprotected sex in both countries, researchers reported. Prevention is key, he said, stressing that condom use is among the best ways to protect against infection. Please read our Commenting Policy first.
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